The town Kalna, popularly termed as AmbikaKalna has a very rich and old historical background. It’s a small unit of larger multi dimensional background in Indian History. Kalna is not only a piece of man’s land, it is also an all powerful vessel of maternity consisting with different categories of people ranging from survivors of primitive men and women, several communities castes and races.
During the reign of Shashanka in 7th century, a hyper naval-base was founded at Kalna. While LakshmanSen was the ruler of Saptagram, Murari Sharma was supposed to rule over Kalna in the period of Hindu rulers. Ikhtiyaruddin Bin Baktiyarlalji passed one night in the guise of a horse merchant and had a start from Kalna to invade Nadia and ultimately won over it in 1204 A.D.It is revealed from the above mentioned information that from the very oldest age i,e from the very beginning of pre-historic age, Kalna had been reputed as a recognized, dignified habitable area.
From the sources of ancient manuscripts, chronicles and MangalKavya, it is vivid that this town was entitled as Ambika, Amuya, ambua etc. So many learned men and well-wishers has converted the name Kalna Court into AmbikaKalna after their hardest revolt and strong demand. They submitted the logic – Ambika is ancient and Kalna is younger. Ambika is the ancient wakeful goddess of Kalna. The name Kalna does not trace out any historical or archaeological significance. Kalna is a Partuguise term. It means Thana. Probably when founded their residence at Kalna, SashiBhushan Banerjee and others changed the name of Kalna station from Kalna Court to AmbikaKalna. But the above mentioned statement are disputable. In Dravida – ‘Kal’ means river bank and ‘ona’ means a place situated beside the river.
Existence of the town had yet been found during the Pal dynasty which is at least 1000years old one. Manipal, the Great Hindu King of Pal dynasty in Bengal had established one of his administrative infrastructures in the town Kalna. The area where such accumulation of administrators and traders had been occurred was thin termed as “Nripapalli”. Still today there is one area alive in the town and hears the old name “Nripapally”.
After that the town Kalna had again been enlighted in the history during the period of GourangaMahaprabhu, popularly known as ShriChaitanyaDev, the great social as well as religious reformer in the made 16th Century of Indian History.
During Chaitanya jug, i.e. Chaitanya era, Kalna town experienced may historical waves. For betterment Baisnaba influence, even the king of Gour, HusenShaha, another great admirer of ChaitanyaMahaprabhu, visited this town and constructed many religios establishments and temples.
Apart from Baisnaba influence, Kalna was also very much rich in Muslim culture also. During Mughal Dynasty this town achieves some ornaments of Mughal influences. The town also was used as a good port as it is situated on the bank of river “Bhagirathi”.